Organic test outline

  • IUPAC Naming of compounds of alkanes and functional groups
  • Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, cycloalkanes
  • Alcohols, primary, secondary and tertiary
  • Aldehydes
  • Ketones
  • Ethers
  • Esters
  • Amides
  • Acid Chlorides
  • Amines, primary, secondary and tertiary
  • Reactions
  • Addition reactions
  • Substitution reactions
  • Elimination reactions
  • Nucleophilic substitution
  • Dehydrohalogenation
  • Dehydration
  • Condensation
  • Hydrolysis
  • Bromination as a tool for detecting double and triple bonds
  • Halogenation
  • Hydrohalogenation
  • Markownikoffs addition
  • Peroxide effect or anti Markownikoffs addition
  • Oxidation of primary secondary and tertiary alcohols
  • Reduction of aldehydes, ketones, alkenes and alkynes
  • Conversions
  • Alkenes to alkyl halides
  • Alkenes to alcohols
  • Alkyl halides to alkenes
  • Alcohols to alkenes
  • Aldehydes and ketones to alcohols
  • Alcohols to aldehydes and ketones
  • Preparation of compounds
  • Preparation of esters
  • Preparation of  amides
  • Preparation of acid chlorides
  • Preparation of ethers
  • Preparation of  primary secondary and tertiary amines
  • Hydrolysis of acid derivatives

Some suggested conversions

  • Ethanol to ethyl propanoate
  • 1-propanol to 2-propanol
  • 2-propanol to 1-propanol
  • Propene to 2-propanol
  • Propanoic acid to 1-propanol
  • Propanoic acid to 2-propanol
  • 2-bromopropane to propene
Some questions
  • What are some reagents that can be used to perform elimination reactions of alcohols and alkyl halides
  • Name 3 oxidizing agents
  • Name 3 reducing agents
  • Suggest 2 methods for preparing hydrogen
  • What are condensation reactions give examples
  • What are polymers?
  • What are the monomers of PVC, Polyethene, PTFE, PMMA,PS, polypropelene
Aromatic Chemistry
  • Naming of simple aromatic compounds
  • Why do benzene and other aromatic compounds do not undergo addition reactions even though they have double bonds in their ring systems.
  • What is delocalization of electrons in benzene ring?
  • Why is it that even though there are single and double bonds in benzene the bond length is 1.39 Ao
  • Electophilic substitution, bromination, nitration, alkylation etc.
  • Suggest mechanism of nitration of benzene
Polymers
  • Addition polymerization
  • Condensation
  • Synthesis of polyethylene
  • Synthesis of polypropene
  • Synthesis of poly vinyl chloride
  • Synthesis of poly styrene
  • Synthesis of PMMA
  • Synthesis of PTFE or TEFLON
  • Synthesis of polyester from p-phthalic acid and ethylene glycol
  • Synthesis of Nylon 6,6 from adipic acid and diaminohexane