Solubility Product Test

Topics included in the test This outline is for the regular SCH4U students not the TOPS program
This outline is for last semester students NOT this semester

  • Definition of solubility and molar solubility
  • Difference between saturated, unsaturated and supersaturated solutions
  • Difference between dilute and concentrated solutions
  • Difference between soluble ionic compounds and sparingly soluble ionic compounds.
  • How can you determine if the given solution is saturated or unsaturated?
  • What are the conditions for precipitation of an ionic compound from its solution?
  • Distinguish between Qsp and Ksp, what do they represent?
  • How can you use Qsp and Ksp to predict precipitation?
  • What are some applications of knowledge of Ksp?
  • How will you separate aqueous solutions of ionic compounds by precipitation reactions and knowledge of Ksp?
  • What information is needed to determine the concentrations of reagents used in qualitative analysis or precipitation reactions.
  • What are the common solubility rules for predicting precipitations?
  • Problems – Predicting if by mixing two solutions there will be a precipitate formed or not.
  • Problems – Calculating molar solubility.
  • Predicting solubility of certain ionic sparingly soluble salts in ionic solutions containing their own ions.
  • Problems – Learning to express the solubility in grams / 100 ml and moles per liter.
  • Methods for determining Ksp of sparing soluble salts.
  • Commonion Effect – defnition
  • How to selectively precipitate using commonion effect
  • Application of commonion effect
  • More to be added

Topics to be included from Atomic Theory ISU

  • Calculations involving energy, wavelength, frequency
  • Calculations involving energy released due to de-exication of electrons in hydrogen like atoms, Lyman, Balmer, Paschen etc.
  • Quantum numbers, Orbitals, shapes, degeneracy, nodal planes etc.
  • Hund’s rule, Pauli’s Exclusion principle, Aufbau Order, Exchange energy, exceptional configurations of atoms.
  • Bonding and exceptions for compounds like PCl5, SF6, OF2, O2F2, CH4, CH2=CH2
  • Hybridization in C, P, S
  • Shapes of molecules